Chapter Five World History
PhilosophesQuestion: Which philosopher believed that a strong government would be the best for a life that was "nasty, brutish, and short"?
Answer: Thomas Hobbes
Question: John Locke believed that we were born with a mind that is essentially blank. This is called ________________________.
Answer: Tablula Rasa
Question: This philosopher wrote a book that said the only democratic government was one in which the branches of government were separate, with checks.
Answer: Baron de Montesquieu
Question: Our First Amendment in the Constitution is based on the ideas of this philosophe of the Enlightenment.
Question: Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that government should be put in place by the consent of the people, and run according to the common good. This is called the ____________________.
Answer: General Will
TreatisesQuestion: Two Treatises of Government
Answer: John Locke
Answer: Thomas Hobbes
Question: Spirit of the Laws
Question: Social Contract
Question: Robinson Carusoe
Answer: Daniel Dafoe
American RevolutionQuestion: The author of the Declaration of Independence
Answer: Thomas Jefferson
Question: The author of the Constitution of the United States
Answer: James Madison
Question: The leader of the American forces during the American Revolution
Answer: George Washington
Question: The king of England during the American Revolution.
Answer: George III
Question: What war triggered the problems between England and American colonies that led to the American Revolution?
Answer: French and Indian War
Enlightenment CultureQuestion: The composer who wrote the "Messiah"
Question: The composer, a child prodigy, who wrote an opera called the "Marriage of Figaro".
Question: Fear of this caused Enlightenment thinkers to write their thoughts disguised as fictions.
Question: The type of art that became popular after Louis XIV.
Question: The type of art that became popular after Enlightenment thinkers denounced rococco as too frivolous.
MiscellaneousQuestion: Who was the enlightened despot that was unable to banish serfdom from her kingdom in Russia?
Answer: Catherine II
Question: Who was the Prussian enlightened despot who called himself "the servant of the people"?
Answer: Frederick II
Question: Who was the enlightened despot who ended serfdom in Austria, and often walked among his people disguised as a peasant?
Answer: Josef II
Question: Who wrote the book Candide, about corruption in French government?
Question: Adam Smith wrote this book about laissez-faire capitalism.
Answer: Adam Smith