Chapter Five World History


Question: Which philosopher believed that a strong government would be the best for a life that was "nasty, brutish, and short"?
Answer: Thomas Hobbes

Question: John Locke believed that we were born with a mind that is essentially blank. This is called ________________________.
Answer: Tablula Rasa

Question: This philosopher wrote a book that said the only democratic government was one in which the branches of government were separate, with checks.
Answer: Baron de Montesquieu

Question: Our First Amendment in the Constitution is based on the ideas of this philosophe of the Enlightenment.
Answer: Voltaire

Question: Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that government should be put in place by the consent of the people, and run according to the common good. This is called the ____________________.
Answer: General Will


Question: Two Treatises of Government
Answer: John Locke

Question: Leviathan
Answer: Thomas Hobbes

Question: Spirit of the Laws
Answer: Montesquieu

Question: Social Contract
Answer: Rousseau

Question: Robinson Carusoe
Answer: Daniel Dafoe

American Revolution

Question: The author of the Declaration of Independence
Answer: Thomas Jefferson

Question: The author of the Constitution of the United States
Answer: James Madison

Question: The leader of the American forces during the American Revolution
Answer: George Washington

Question: The king of England during the American Revolution.
Answer: George III

Question: What war triggered the problems between England and American colonies that led to the American Revolution?
Answer: French and Indian War

Enlightenment Culture

Question: The composer who wrote the "Messiah"
Answer: Handel

Question: The composer, a child prodigy, who wrote an opera called the "Marriage of Figaro".
Answer: Mozart

Question: Fear of this caused Enlightenment thinkers to write their thoughts disguised as fictions.
Answer: censorship

Question: The type of art that became popular after Louis XIV.
Answer: rococco

Question: The type of art that became popular after Enlightenment thinkers denounced rococco as too frivolous.
Answer: neoclassical


Question: Who was the enlightened despot that was unable to banish serfdom from her kingdom in Russia?
Answer: Catherine II

Question: Who was the Prussian enlightened despot who called himself "the servant of the people"?
Answer: Frederick II

Question: Who was the enlightened despot who ended serfdom in Austria, and often walked among his people disguised as a peasant?
Answer: Josef II

Question: Who wrote the book Candide, about corruption in French government?
Answer: Voltaire

Question: Adam Smith wrote this book about laissez-faire capitalism.
Answer: Adam Smith