Answer: Code of Hammurabi

Question: These countries originally founded the EU.

Answer: The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Italy, Germany

Question: Which science fiction writer famously predicted the invention of the submarine and helicopter?

Answer: Jules Verne. He also predicted the moon landing, among other things.

Question: What was the previous name of Taiwan, given by Portuguese explorers?

Answer: Formosa, meaning "beautiful island."

Question: What is the world's oldest surviving non-abrahamic and monotheistic religion?

Answer: Zoroastrianism

Answer: Nitrogen

Question: According to physics, what are the four fundamental forces in nature, in order from weakest to strongest?

Answer: Gravitational Force, Weak Nuclear Force, Electromagnetic Force, Strong Nuclear Force

Question: This is the largest internal organ in the human body, by both volume and weight.

Answer: Liver

Question: These two elements are the only elements that are liquid at room temperature.

Answer: Bromine (Br) and mercury (Hg)

Question: Which dwarf planet is known for it's unusually large orbital period and eccentric orbital path.

Answer: Sedna. It has an aphelion of 937AU and perihelion of 76AU, and an orbital period of an estimated 11,400 years.

Answer: Barack Obama

Question: What is the second line of the F.R.I.E.N.D.S theme song?

Answer: Your job's a joke, you're broke, your love life's D.O.A.

Question: The BBC series Sherlock is incredibly popular. What is the name the s2e2 episode?

Answer: The Hounds of Baskerville

Question: What does EGOT refer to?

Answer: Winning the Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony awards

Question: Who are the current members of Black Eyed Peas?

Answer: Fergie, will.i.am, Taboo, apl.de.ap

Answer: An arm and a leg

Question: One might say, this fish can be quite misleading in a mystery...

Answer: Red Herring

Question: You dot and cross these things when applying the finishing details.

Answer: I's and T's

Question: "To be or not to be, that is the question," is a famous monologue in a certain play. What is the next line?

Answer: Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer

Question: This writer was both modest and swift.

Answer: Jonathan Swift

Answer:

3.14159

Question: What is cos(7pi/6)?

Answer: -√3/2

Question: What is the name of the following theorem?

"No three positive integers a, b, and c satisfy the equation a^n + b^n = c^n for any integer value of n greater than 2"

Answer: Fermat's last theorem, famously solved by Sir Andrew Wiles in 1994 after 358 years of effort by mathematicians.

Question: This famous fractal looks like this:

Answer: Mandlebrot Set

Question: This is the only solved millennium prize problem.

Answer: Poincaré conjecture. Grigori Perelman solved the problem but declined the Fields medal, as well as the $1,000,000 millennium prize.

To those interested, the theorem claims: Every simply connected, closed 3-manifold is homeomorphic to the 3-sphere.