Core SociologyQuestion: This concept encourages us to consider the relationship between Personal Troubles and Public Issues and the ways in which larger society influences our individual lives.
Answer: What is the Sociological Imagination?
Question: The term literally means "the process of becoming a social being."
Answer: What is Socialization?
Question: This term refers to a way of thinking that is based on over-generalizations based on a kernel of truth.
Answer: What are Stereotypes?
Question: This process defines abstract concepts by the way in which they will be measured during a survey or interview.
Answer: What is Operationalization?
Question: This concept refers to the unequal distribution of resources and opportunities according to one's status or position on a social hierarchy.
Answer: What is Inequality?
Culture and SocietyQuestion: This terms refers to groups whose values and beliefs distinguish them from mainstream culture, but not in extraordinary ways.
Answer: What are Subcultures?
Question: Whereas cultural capital refers to "what you know" in terms of elite culture, this term refers to "who you know."
Answer: What is Social Capital?
Question: Black Americans were denied equal opportunity to purchase homes through practices such as blockbusting, restrictive covenants, and this - the process of color-coding each neighborhood according to its (subjective) desirability and denying loans for homes in "undesirable neighborhoods."
Answer: What is Red Lining?
Question: After this event, many features of American society began to change, including manipulative interventions in foreign countries, increasing income inequality, and the development of suburbs and the white middle-class.
Answer: What is World War II (WWII)?
Question: Black American men were particularly affected by this process, which decreased the number of available manufacturing and industrial jobs.
Answer: What is Deindustrialization?
Major Theorists/TheoriesQuestion: This theorist believes society is divided into two economic classes that engage in constant conflict.
Answer: Who is Karl Marx?
Question: This theorist is considered the Father of Functionalism and is responsible for developing theories of social solidarity.
Answer: Who is Emile Durkheim?
Question: According to this theory, every enduring element in society must serve a purpose; elements that no longer serve a purpose will disappear.
Answer: What is Functionalism?
Question: This theory describes society as composed of classes that constantly struggle over resources.
Answer: What is Conflict Theory?
Question: Karl Marx developed this theory, which defines the predominant modes of production throughout history and describes how each mode was replaced by the subsequent mode.
Answer: What is Historical Materialism?
Social StructuresQuestion: Social structures are maintained by formal rules, often codified through the legal system, and by these - informal understandings that govern the behavior of individuals in society.
Answer: What are Social Norms?
Question: This term refers to the narrowing of options or viable outcomes after a single, key event triggers the establishment new norms, rules, and institutions.
Answer: What is Path Dependency?
Question: This term refers to the ability of certain groups to claim or gain special access, opportunities, and rewards.
Answer: What is Privilege?
Question: This is the most famous institutional structure, and it relies on written rules for each position or job function.
Answer: What is Bureaucracy?
Question: This legislation was intended to help WWII veterans acclimate back into society and provide opportunities for growth; however, only 2% of the funds were distributed to non-white veterans (who comprised approx. 10% of WWII veterans).
Answer: What is the GI Bill of Rights?
MiscellaneousQuestion: In regards to sociological research, questions that produce the same answers over time are said to be "high" in this measure of quality.
Answer: What is Reliability?
Question: In this view of power, one person or group simply has more resources than the other, which produces outcomes that favor the resource-rich party.
Answer: What is the First Dimension of Power?
Question: This financial resource is most often created through home ownership, although economic elites also create this resource through owning businesses or stocks & bonds.
Answer: What is Wealth?
Question: If you wanted to understand a society's level of equality of opportunity, you should review statistics on this measure - which describes changes on some social hierarchy.
Answer: What is Social Mobility?
Question: Regarding research ethics, researchers who employ deception must also provide this after the research is completed.
Answer: What is a Debriefing?