Designing Cities for People

Intro/Ecology of Cities

Question: What is Urbanization?

A) Movement from city to the suburbs
B) Population shift from rural to urban areas
C) An increase in the sales of Urban Outfitters 

Answer: B) Population shift from rural to urban areas

Question: Many cities are facing challenges such as:

A) The air is no longer safe to breathe
B) People are becoming more dependent on cars for transportation
C) Commuter traffic increases year after year
D) All of the Above

Answer: D) All of the Above

Question: Air in some cities is so polluted it is equivalent to smoking how many packs of cigarettes a day?

A) 5 packs
B) 1 pack
C) 2 packs
D) None of the Above

Answer: C) 2 packs

Question: Cities such as Los Angeles and Mexico City depend on distant sources for what basic amenity? 

A) Water
B) Rice
C) Oranges

Answer: A) Water 

Question: Richard Register agrees that cities should be designed for people, not cars and that cities should be integrated into local ecosystems rather than imposed on them.

True or False?

Answer: TRUE

Redesigning Urban Transport/The Return of Bikes

Question: Rail lines, Bus lines, bicycle pathways and pedestrian walkways are all forms of what?

A) Vehicles
B) Inventions
C) Urban Transport Systems

Answer: C) Urban Transport Systems

Question: What was one of the first cities to charge a tax for vehicles entering the city center?

A) China
B) Austria
C) Singapore
D) France

Answer: C) Singapore

Question: If Cities had the full array of walking and biking options available, the number of trips by car could be cut by how much?

A) 50-60%
B) 5-10%
C) 30-40%
D) 10-20%

Answer: D) 10-20%

Question: If more people used bicycles as their mode of transportation, ___ bikes would occupy the same space it took to park 1 car.

A) 5
B) 15
C) 20
D) 30

Answer: C) 20

Question: Officers on bicycles make ___% more arrests per day than officers in squad cars.

A) 10%
B) 40%
C) 70%
D) 50%

Answer: D) 50%

Reducing Urban Water Use

Question: The Flush & Forget system we have for our sewer systems does what?

A) Takes nutrients in the soil and dumps them into the nearest body of water
B) Is a source of disease and death
C) Causes 405 "dead zones" in ocean regions
D) All of the Above

Answer: D) All of the Above

Question: Which two household appliances account for over half of indoor water use?

A) Dishwashers and sink usage
B) Washing machines and showers
C) Toilets and Showers
D) All of the Above

Answer: C) Toilets and Showers

Question: What are appliance alternatives you could switch to in your home to reduce Urban water use?

List two you think apply!

Answer: Some options include:

Water-efficient shower heads Flush toilets, Dishwashers and washing machines

Question: Orange County, CA, Los Angeles, South Florida and Singapore have all adopted plans to do what with water?

A) Recycle waste water into drinking water
B) Sell their excess water supplies to distant countries
C) Compete to build the biggest water park

Answer: A) Recycle waste water into drinking water

Question: What are ways our Water supplies become dangerously polluted?

List Three!

Answer: Some include: 

Contamination from human and industrial waste, pesticides and fertilizers, oil spillage, etc. 

Farming in the City

Question: In 2005, The U.N Food and Agriculture Organization reported that urban and peri-urban farms supply food to how many million urban residents world wide? 

A) 1 billion
B) 700 million
C) 300 million
D) None of the Above

Answer: B) 700 million

Question: The FAO project has urban residences in Dakar, Senegal, where they produce how many pounds of tomatoes per square meter on rooftop gardens?

A) 100 pounds
B) 20 pounds
C) 40 pounds
D) 66 pounds

Answer: D) 66 pounds

Question: Many cities have great practices of importing produce from local farms. Vietnam receives ___% of fresh vegetables from farms in or immediately adjacent to the city.

A) 20%
B) 50%
C) 80%
D) 92%

Answer: C) 80%

Question: What does the term "night soil" refer to?

A) Soil that will only allow plants to grow at night
B) human waste collected from areas without modern sanitation facilities
C) The richest form of nutrient soil available 
D) "night soil" is not a real term

Answer: B) human waste collected from areas without modern sanitation facilities

Question: True or False?

Due to the growing population, the potential for urban gardening in the U.S has declined

Answer: FALSE

The US has potential for urban gardening: "Chicago has 70,000 vacant lots, Philadelphia, 31,000" allowing for plenty of acres for urban gardening. (page 160)

Upgrading Squatter Settlements/Cities for People

Question: What defines the term "squatter settlements"? 

A) People whom are given the right by the government to establish a home in abandoned places
B) People whom live on vacant land, private or public, without authorization
C) People whom camp out in foreclosed homes

Answer: B) People whom live on vacant land, private or public, without authorization

Question: What are some ways to make rural/urban migration manageable?

A) Improve conditions in the countryside
B) Provide basic social services
C) Encourage industrial investment in small towns, rather than just large cities. 
D) All of the Above

Answer: D) All of the Above

Question: State your opinion on squatting and squatter settlements. 

Do you think this is a lifestyle that should be accepted and promoted?

Why or Why not?


Question: Plan B discussed the topic of Biophilia as "those who are deprived of contact with nature suffer psychologically and that this deprivation leads to a measurable decline in well-being." 

Which Author in our Colloquium Reader also approached the idea of Biophilia?


Question: The challenge of redesigning communities with public transportation as the centerpiece of urban transport so that our streets are pedestrian and bicycle friendly include what sort of changes?

A) Planting trees and gardens
B) Replacing parking lots with parks, playgrounds and playing fields
C) All of the Above
D) None of the Above

Answer: C) All of the Above