PARCC prep


Question: What is a compound sentence?
Give an example of one using a conjunction.

Answer: A compound sentence is made up of two simple sentences joined together with a conjunction and a comma.

I couldn't remember the answer, so I studied my notes.

Question: What is a complex sentence?
Give an example.

Answer: A complex sentence is a sentence made up of two parts...an independent clause and a dependent clause. 

Although I love peanut butter, I'm allergic to peanuts.

Question: What is the difference between a noun and a verb? Which one is never found in the subject of a sentence?

Give an example of each.

Answer: A noun is a person, place, or thing. A verb is an action word and is not found in a the subject of a sentence.

Noun: building, Michael, peace
Verb: helps, runs, thinks, feels

Question: Break this sentence into its two parts: subject and predicate.

The shy first grader tripped over a jumprope.

Answer: Subject: The shy first grader

Predicate: tripped over a jumprope

Question: Identify the prepositional phrase in this sentence.

The stray puppy slept in the abandoned building.

Answer: in the abandoned building

Figures of Speech

Question: Make up a simile describing how hot it is outside.
Answer: For example:

The sun made us feel as hot as melted butter.

Question: What figure of speech do you notice in this sentence?

Click, click, click, went the keyboards as the students took their PARCC tests.

Answer: click click click is an example of:


Question: What figure of speech do you notice in this sentence?

The slippery sneaky snake slid out of the garden.

Answer: sssssssss


Question: What figure of speech can you identify in this sentence?

Although she practiced her oral presentation, her nerves left her tongue-tied.

Answer: tongue tied: idiom

Question: What figure of speech do you notice in this sentence? 

Sarah was so hungry, she could have eaten a horse!

Answer: eaten a horse: hyperbole

story elements

Question: Describe the two types of conflict and give an example of each.

Answer: internal:  making a tough decision like whether to tell on a friend who is cheating off your paper.

external:  getting attacked by a neighbor's dog 

Question: Which sentence sounds like it could be the theme of a story?

A. Eating protein before a test will give you long-lasting energy.

B. Tell the truth because small lies grow into bigger lies.

Answer: B

Question: How can we determine a character's motivation or what they really want?
Answer: We look at their words, thoughts, and actions.

Question: Define plot and give an example of one in a story our class has read. For extra points, can you also describe the climax and resolution of a plot?
Answer: Plot: The plot is the problem. 

Climax: This is the point in the story where the problem gets worse and the characters might have to make a big decision.

Resolution: This is usually at the end, where the problem gets solved.

Question: Which of these would not be considered part of a setting:

Prehistoric times
angry parents
Hot desert

Answer: angry parents


Question: List three elements of drama
Answer: dialog, stage directions, cast of characters, setting, props, acts, scenes

Question: Share two ways that poetry sounds different than prose?

Answer: Poetry often rhymes or has repeated sounds. There is often meter and rhythm. Prose is more straight forward text that explains or tells a story. It might sound like how people normally talk.

Question: Give two examples of how poetry might look different on a page than prose?
Answer: Poetry is written in lines and stanzas. Often the lines are shorter and don't go clear to the other side of the page as prose does. Sometimes poetry doesn't have end punctuation.

Question: Poetry or prose? Give two reasons why.

     Ben Carson definitely had a growth mindset. When he was young, he couldn't read. Instead of making excuses, he began to focus and work harder than ever. Eventually he became the world's top neurosurgeon. He might even be our nation's next president.

Answer: Prose.
The text doesn't rhyme or have any special rhythm or sounds. The language sounds normal. There aren't any figures of speech, although there could be. The text goes from one side to the other side. There are complete sentences with end punctuation.

Question: Which is not an example of prose?

The Sign of the Beaver
The New Colossus
A television news anchorman's notes.
A report on reasons why kids should eat more vegetables.

Answer: The New Colossus

non-fiction text

Question: What are text structures in non-fiction text? Give an example of one.
Answer: Text structures are different ways an author organizes information.

Question: Identify the text structure of this paragraph.

     To make cinnamon toast, you first grab some bread and throw it in the toaster. When it's toasted, butter it generously. Then, sprinkle cinnamon and sugar on top. You'll enjoy this tasty snack.

Answer: chronological or sequence

Question: At the beginning of the year, we read lots of persuasive text about the importance of families eating meals together. Give an example of a  text structure that the authors used. There's more than one right answer, but prove it!
Answer: Cause and effect

Question: During the year we read text about moths and butterflies. What text structure did the author use?
Answer: Compare/contrast

Question: Describe the ways you first glance at a text and determine if it's non-fiction. Name two text features that show up frequently in non-fiction text.
Answer: charts
pictures with captions
headings above sections of text
bold words