Literary Terms Review - Sophomore EOC

Literary Elements

Question: The original character, symbol, or image.
Answer: What is an archetype?

Question: The commonly understood meaning of a word.
Answer: What is connotation?

Question: An inoffensive expression for one considered offensive
Answer: What is a euphemism?

Question: a sudden realization
Answer: What is an epiphany?

Question: an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up
Answer: What is an idiom

Phrases & Clauses

Question: a sentence (containing a subject and predicate) that cannot stand on its own.
Answer: What is a dependent clause?

Question: a phrase containing a verb that's taking on the role of a noun/pronoun
Answer: What is a gerund phrase?

Question: a phrase containing "to" plus a verb
Answer: What is an infinitive phrase?

Question: a noun phrase that serves to identify something it is placed near
Answer: What is an appositive phrase?

Question: a phrase containing a verb that is being used as an adjective/adverb (usually, we talk about these being past or present)
Answer: What is a participial phrase?

Figurative Language

Question: conjoining contradictory terms (jumbo shrimp)
Answer: What is an oxymoron?

Question: something that seems/appears impossible yet somehow occurs
Answer: What is a paradox?

Question: a complex metaphor that is continued through several lines/sentences of a paragraph or poem
Answer: What is a conceit?

Question: substituting the name of an attribute or feature for that of the name of the thing itself (saying "the Oval Office" when you mean the President)
Answer: What is metonymy?

**by the way, metonymy and synecdoche are very closely related. They are easy to confuse!

Question: addressing someone/something that is distant or unable to answer (like speaking to the moon)
Answer: What is apostrophe?

Syntax Techniques

Question: Creating a pattern of balance, either in grammatical structure, length, or meaning of sentences
Answer: What is parallelism?

Question: The removal of conjunctions when their meaning can be easily implied
Answer: What is asyndeton?

Question: contrasting ideas or opinions
Answer: What is antithesis?

Question: The repetition of words in successive clauses (but in reverse order)
Answer: What is antimetabole?

Question: The repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses ("I have a dream...")
Answer: What is anaphora?

Literary Techniques

Question: occurs when the audience knows something that the character onstage does not
Answer: What is dramatic irony?

Question: The use of one thing to represent something else
Answer: What is symbolism?

Question: Referring to an existing work of literature, mythological being, etc. in another work of literature
Answer: What is an allusion?

Question: Acknowledging that one point made by your opposition may be true (to some extent or fully)
Answer: What is a concession?

Question: Something that recurs multiple times throughout a work of literature
Answer: What is a motif?