Civics Term Final

Chapter 3

Question: What was the Virginia Plan?
Answer: larger states had more votes than smaller states

Question: What was the New Jersey Plan?

Answer: smaller states had the same amount of votes as larger states

Question: What was the Great Compromise?
Answer: an agreement providing a dual system of congressional agreement

Question: What were the federalist papers? What were their purpose?
Answer: series of essays to defend the constituion

Question: Purpose of preamble?

Answer: secure blessings of liberty to ourselves and our prosperity

Chapter 4

Question: What's the difference between slander and libel?
Answer: Slander is spoken untruths that are harmful to someones reputation. Libel is written untruth that are harmful to someones reputation.

Question: define search warrant
Answer: a court order allowing police to search property and seize evidence

Question: What lead the Supreme Court to rule that the Bill of Rights applied to the states?
Answer: States were twisting laws to their own preference.

Question: How did the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments extend African American rights?
Answer: The 13th amendment abolished slavery. 14th defines who a citizen is; states have to follow everything. 15th extended voting to all races. (Men only still)

Question: Why are civil liberties important to democracy?
Answer: Without them there is no democracy.

Chapter 5

Question: define census
Answer: population count

Question: What is the Franklin privilege?
Answer: Senators and representatives can send job related mail without paying postage.

Question: What are three examples of expressed powers given to Congress?
Answer: borrow money
declare war
declare laws of naturalization

Question: How does cloture affect filibuster?
Answer: A senator can't take more than a hour to talk a bill to death. or filibuster.

Question: What is the "necessary and proper" clause, and why is it also referred to as the elastic clause?
Answer: Gives congress right to make any law necessary and proper to carry out their expressed powers. 

Chapter 6

Question: What three requirements must a person meet to become president or vice president of the US?
Answer: natural born citizen
resident of US for 14 years
at least 35

Question: Give three examples of the presidents powers.
Answer: He can veto or reject bills passed in congress.
He can call congress into a special session.
He can serve as commander in chief of the armed forces.
He receives leaders and other officials of foreign countries.

Question: Explain the 25th amendment.
Answer: Establishes the procedures for succession to the presidency.

Question: What role is given to the vice president in the constitution?

Answer: The vice president of the US is President of the Senate and must act as President of the US when the President is unable to do so. 

Question: define foreign policy
Answer: governments strategy in dealing with other nations

Chapter 7

Question: What is judicial review?
Answer: when the court reviews laws to see if they are constitutional or not.

Question: What is the role of the federal courts?
Answer: to act on constitution rights that have been violated

Question: What kinds of cases are heard in federal courts?
Answer: Any cases where constitutional rights that have been violated.

Question: Where do federal courts get their power?
Answer: laws passed by congress

Question: What is the title of the lead justice on the supreme court?
Answer: Chief justice.