Golden Age of Greece

Athens After the Persian Wars

Question: What was the first priority after the Persian War?
Answer: To rebuild public and religous buildings.

Question: What was the most complex temple? And who was worshipped there?
Answer: The Parthenon. Athena was worshipped there.

Question: What did their leader believe in strongly and encouraged?
Answer: Their leader believed strongly in human rights, and encouraged democracy.

Question: How were the houses different from the public and religous buildings?
Answer: The houses were small and uncomfortable while public and religious spaces were wide, luxurious, and statley.

Question: What Greek leader was elected over and over again?
Answer: Pericles.

Greek Religion

Question: Why did the Greeks worship Gods and Godesses?
Answer: They thought that the Gods and Godesses would give them special protection.

Question: Name the 10 most important Gods/ Godesses.
Answer: Zeus

Question: When they needed help from sea, who would they Call? How about for weaving? The sick?
Answer: For sea, they called Poseidon, for Weaving they called Athena and for the sick they called Apollo.

Question: Who were the 3 gods and their father? What were their duties? (3 gods Only)
Answer: Poseidon, Zeus, and Hades. Father is Kronos. Sea, heavens and skies, underworld/ the dead.

Question: List the powers of these gods:

Answer: Love
medicine and true speech
Wisedom and learning
Grain/ agriculture
fire and metal worker

Greek Architecture and Sculpture

Question: How many different columns did the Ancient Greeks use?
Answer: 3

Question: How was sculptures made?
Answer: There is a wooden frame that holds it in place and the clay sculptures are roughed out with marble.

Question: Who was a famous sculpture?
Answer: Phidias.

Question: What do these two different types of columns look like?

Doric: Gets thinner at the top.
Answer: Ionic: Curls at the top
Corinthian: Complex carvings, leaves and fruits.

Question: What were the three types of columns?
Answer: Doric, Ionic, Corinthion

Greek Drama

Question: How many people could the theater hold?
Answer: It could hold thousands of people.

Question: Who was the Greek god of theater and what was his power?
Answer: Dionysus, merriment

Question: How did the Greek plays grow out?
Answer: People sang and danced at harvest time to honor Dionysus.

Question: Greek plays were performed

A. in small theaters in the private homes of wealthy Greeks.
B. in the acropolis, surrounded by the statues of the gods and goddesses.
C. in open-air theaters built into the sides of hills.
D. in the marketplace, where all people could gather.
Answer: C

Question: Which statement about Greek plays is true?

A. In comedies, men played female characters and women played male characters.
B. Men played all the characters, both male and female.
C. There were no women actors because there were no female roles in Greek plays.
D. Only unmarried women could perform in Greek plays.
Answer: B

Greek Philosophy and Sports

Question: Why were sport events held?
Answer: To please the gods and goddesses they believed in.

Question: What kind of philosophy included talking about the meaning of justice, nature, ideas, truth and beauty?
Answer: "the love of wisdom"

Question: Why were there games held in Olympia every four years?
Answer: A set of games that were played at Olympia every four years were to hounour the great god Zeus.

Question: How was the philosopher and why did he get into trouble?
Answer: Socrate's enemy questioned not believing in the honoured god and the jury found him guilty.

Question: How did socrate pass the the religion down to?
Answer: His student Plato.