A Review of Forestry

Forest Facts

Question: In Canada, which forest represents three quarters of all forested land?
Answer: Boreal Forest

Question: Name THREE different industries that rely on forests
Answer: Commercial selling of wood
Tourism and recreation
Use for construction industry

Question: What percentage of original forests have been lost over the past 8000 years AND in what century did most of this damage occur?
Answer: 40% loss in the 20th century

Question: Define the term "ecosystem" in detail.
Answer: A community of animals, plants, and micro-organisms, interacting with one another and with their physical environment (soil, water, etc.) with which they form a complex whole.

Question: A forest is not simply a group of trees, it is a dynamic environment. Name THREE things that you find in that environment - that change from forest to forest.
Answer: Wildlife


Question: Name the THREE types of forest we have studied this term
Answer: Boreal

Question: Name ONE characteristic of each of the three forests studied
Answer: Tropical - concentrated in three broad areas; receive regular and abundant rainfall
Temperate - are primarily secondary forests; mixed coniferous and deciduous
Boreal - coniferous; northern; larger proportion of primary forests

Question: In my forest you will find spruce, fir, and pine. Who am I?
Answer: Boreal Forest

Question: What are the names of the THREE broad regions that tropical rainforests are concentrated in?
Answer: Amazonia, Central Africa, Southeast Asia

Question: Which continent has the highest percentage of the world's forests? What percent does it have?
Answer: Europe (including Russia)- 25%

Why are they Important

Question: Name THREE things forests do/provide for Earth and its inhabitants.
Answer: Filter out carbon dioxide and replenish oxygen
Provide shelter, food, safe environments for animals
Provide important resources for humans

Question: Name TWO of the characteristics that make the Boreal forest so important.
Answer: Ecosystem - one of the largest untouched ecosystems on Earth
Commercial value of its stands
Resident population
Value of recreational tourism

Question: Forests exist in cities - they are called urban forests. Name THREE advantages of urban forests for a city and its population.
Answer: They provide shade, shelter from the wind.
They absorb runoff water and reduce the risk of flooding
They absorb noise
They provide a habitat for many animal species
They make the landscape more attractive
They increase the value of surrounding property
They contribute to the psychological well-being of city residents

Question: Name and explain THREE of the important characteristics of the tropical rainforest.
Answer: Rich diversity of flora and fauna
The commercial of tropical timber
The medicinal value of certain animal and plant species
The many foods products it supplies

Question: The way forests are maintained is important for future generations. Explain what "silvicultural practices" are.
Answer: The forests are developed using methods that assure its conservation, maintenance and regeneration. It is important to protect the resource that the local population depends on for its livelihood.

Where in the World

Question: Where are temperate forests located (name the countries).
Answer: North America (Canada and US)

Question: Where in the world are boreal forests found (name the countries specifically).
Answer: North of temperate forests - in a belt across Canada, northern Europe and Russia.

Question: When studying a map, it is evident that most rainforests lie between the _____________ and the _____________?
Answer: Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn

Question: Which continent has the least of the world's forests? What percentage do they have?
Answer: Oceania - 5%

Question: With regard to logging and its negative impact - which TWO types of forest do people focus on and why?
Answer: Boreal and tropical - because of the vast areas of untouched (primary or old-growth) forests they contain.

Cut and dried

Question: Define the term "clear-cutting"
Answer: The felling of all the trees in one area of the forest

Question: If clearing is poorly managed, it can lead to forest ______________________
Answer: Degradation

Question: Define the term "degradation".
Answer: This means that the necessary conditions for renewal and balance in the forest ecosystem are absent, but that the situation can still be reversed.

Question: Define the term "deforestation".
Answer: This refers to the permanent deterioration of the forest. The forest has disappeared, giving way to new forms of land use, such as crop farming, pasture, urbanization, etc. Deforestation is said to be a greater problem than land clearing and degradation because some parts of the forest may be destroyed forever.

Question: Name THREE causes of deforestation discussed in class.
Answer: Clear cutting
Construction of towns, roads, power lines
Agricultural development
(in developing countries) Rising needs for food, shelter, and energy among an increasingly large and poor population