PFP 206 Test 2

Government: Structures and Functions

Question: There are three levels of government: Municipal, _______ and Federal.
Answer: Provincial

Question: There are three levels in the federal government. Legislative, ________, and ________.
Answer: Executive and Judicial.

Question: The _______ branch of government interprets and applies the law.
Answer: Judicial.

Question: The Provincial government is responsible for these 3 sectors.
Answer: Health Care, Education and Social Welfare.


Under federal domain the Canadian Territories cannot directly affect changes to the Constitution Act of 1867 due to the restrictions of this formula.
Answer: Amending.

Power Over Government

Question: People are able to influence the government through these 3 methods.
Answer: Voting, interest groups and power elite.

Question: Interest groups strive to implement ______ so that power is distributed more or less equally.
Answer: Pluralism.

Question: These groups affect legislative process in a way that protects particular interests to the detriment of the general well-being.
Answer: Interest.

Question: In the City of Toronto the Mayor`s Executive Council is an example of what model?
Answer: Power Elite

Power is concentrated in the hands of a small group of
political, economic and military leaders

Question: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rHlJKxT9iZ4

Considering the category power over government what is this an example of?
Answer: Interest group.

Regulatory Agencies, Bureaucracies and Management

Question: Regulatory agencies exist at this many of the 3 levels of Canadian government.
Answer: All.

Question: Bureaucracies are not elected. They are _______.
Answer: Appointed.

Question: This type of agency is established to enforce and administer laws that apply to particular activities of everyday life.
Answer: Bureaucracies.


Bureaucracies and organizations are made up of specific areas including ________. This area is based upon written documents (procedures/rules), worker expertise and staff comprised of full-time & part-time workers.
Answer: Management.

Question: ______ exercises the will of the people over government.

Political Ideologies

Question: There are four political ideologies. What are they?
Answer: Conservatism, Liberalism, Socialism and Anarchism

Question: What would be the anarchist perspective to community development?
Answer: Community would be in total control of its own economic and social production.
Support for voluntary co-operative when there is equal decision-making power.

Question: What would be the liberalist perspective to community development?
Answer: The government would support the community economically and socially. The community would also be 'liberated' from the free market.

Question: What would be the conservative perspective to community development today?
Answer: The onus is on the individual to provide for themselves and maintain their standard of living.

Question: What would be the socialist perspective to community development today?
Answer: Governments responsible to ensure all people have a good standard of living. Goods and service are shared equally.

Social Welfare

Question: Basic necessities for food, clothing and shelter is the purpose of _______?
Answer: Social Welfare

Variety of measures taken to provide minimum standards
and particular opportunities for humanitarian, religious,
mutual self-interest democratic and practical reasons.

Question: _______, _______ & _______ are the 3 Future Social Welfare Methods.
Answer: What is
Residual, Institutional & Developmental

Question: What are the four Development Periods of Social Welfare?
Answer: 1- Early Period - (1891 - Early 20th century)

2- Transitional Period - (Early 20th century to 1940s)

3- Interventionist Period - (1941 - 1974)

4- Erosion Period - (1975 to present)

Question: Out of the Three Future Social Welfare Methods (Residual, Institutional & Developmental) ___________ holds the greatest promise for the future.
Answer: What is Developmental.

Question: Local governance and delivery of social welfare are based on 8 features. What are these 8 features?
Answer: 1 - A Community Development Alternative
2 - Strengths
3 - Well - Being
4 - Social Change
5 - Power Within
6 - Bottom-Up Process
7 - Preventive Service
8 - Holistic Service